Currently many smallholder households that raise pigs struggle with the issue of waste pollution in their environment. Poorly managed pig waste can pollute water sources and cause bad odors, which can affect human health and other agricultural activities, such as shrimp and fish farming and crop cultivation.
An effective method to solve this problem, is to use
biological materials on the floor of the pig pen, also known as “deep bedding” system or “bio-mattress”.
The benefits of raising pigs on bio-mattresses include:
* Minimizing environmental pollution caused by feces and urine and creating a clean environment for raising pigs;
* Improving the local environment for pig farming and other agricultural activities;
* Minimizing labor costs of pig raising as households no longer need to spend time, water and energy cleaning out pens;
* Reducing the rate of disease, especially diarrhea in piglets, and improving overall health and weight gain yielding higher household profits. The beneficial microorganisms and additional roughage in the bio-mattress diet reduce animal health problems and improve weight-gain;
* Providing a useful source of high quality organic matter for compositing to fertilize household vegetable gardens.
For more technical information related to how to set up a pig farm using bio-mattress, you should read Standard Operating Procedure for Pig production on Bio-mattress” by USAID Mekong Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change (USAID Mekong ARCC).